4 Important Days you Should Know About Galungan Day in Bali

The series of important days to celebrate the Galungan Day by the Balinese Hindu

Galungan is a Holy Day for Hindu peoples to celebrate the victory of Dharma (goodness) against Adharma (evil). Galungan is celebrated every 210 days or every 6 months which the series of the event are Penyajaan day, Penampahan day, Galungan Day and Umanis Galungan Day. Penyajaan, Penampahan, Galungan and Umanis Galungan are always falls on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. Usually the Balinese peoples starting busy from Monday (Penyajaan) especially for Balinese womens and then the next day is a Penampahan day, whole family will starting busy the prepare all things.

Here is the Galungan Day dates for next 10 years:

Year Date
2021 14 April 2021 & 10 November 2021
2022 8 June 2022
2023 4 January 2023 & 2 August 2023
2024 28 February 2024 & 25 September 2024
2025 23 April 2025 & 19 November 2025
2026 17 June 2026
2027 13 January 2027 & 11 August 2027
2028 8 March 2028 & 4 October 2028
2029 2 May 2029 & 28 November 2029
2030 26 June 2030

4 important days you Should Know About Galungan Day in Bali

1. Penyajaan Galungan

Penyajaan comes from the root word of Jaja in Balinese language that meant cake in English. Penyajaan Galungan is a special day to start making a Balinese cake for Galungan day. Those cakes are made in traditional ways and use local ingredients, like Suji leaves to make color green, turmeric to make yellow and others. For Galungan cake traders, they are already using modern food dyes to speed up the cake-making process. All of this traditional cake will be used to make an offering on Galungan day.

The real meaning of Penyajaan day is to prepare yourself for sorting out which is a goodness (Dharma) and which is an evil (Adharma) through Yoga or Tapa Brata and Balinese peoples reflect it by making a good quality of Jaja Bali (Balinese Cake).

2. Penampahan Galungan

One day before Galungan, Balinese people do the ritual of Natab Sesayut (Sesayut Pamyak Kala Laramelaradan). Sesayut is an offering made from coconut leaves with some Balinese cake, fruit like banana, orange and some rice fist. This ritual aims to strengthen self-belief to win Goodness over Evil.

As a tradition, Balinese people prepare processed chicken or pork into Balinese foods like Lawar, Komoh (meat soup) and satay. From here was born the word of Penampahan that in English is Slaughter, slaughtering chicken or pig or an offering.

On Penampahan day also Balinese people prepare a Penjor, a tall bamboo decorated with Palm leaves. Penjor as a symbol of Naga Basuki (Basuki Dragon) which believes brings supernatural powers and prosperity. Penjor should be raised on Penampahan day after 12 pm in the afternoon.

3. Galungan Day

Galungan Day is a day most awaited by Balinese people. After two days of preparation, start from Monday until this day of Wednesday, all Balinese people dress up neatly, use Destar (traditional hat) for man, Kebaya for women, Kamben (sarong) and bring means of praying. From morning 6 am, all temples in Bali will be full of people praying, even in some villages, people have started praying before sunrise, like 3 am. This might be the best experience when you are at your hotel or in your villa seeing the harmony of the people praying with the sound of Genta.

Based on the Hindu mythology, the history of Galungan starts from the death of King Mayadenawa. Mayadenawa is a powerful king but has an arrogant and evil nature. Under his leadership, Balinese people were very miserable, and Mayadenawa issued a ban to worshiping god. People are forbidden to worship god and must worship Mayadenawa himself instead.

Dewa Indra (the king of heaven / king of gods) sent the gods to come down to the world against the king Mayadenawa. There was a terrible war and the king Mayadenawa was defeated by the gods. Due to this victory, the Balinese people celebrate Galungan as a victory of Dharma (goodness) over Adharma (evil).

4. Umanis Galungan

One day after Galungan day is Umanis Galungan. On this day, Balinese people visit each other, starting from neighbors and family who stay in other villages. On Umanis Galungan also is an opportunity to visit recreation areas.

The series of important days after Galungan is Kuningan day. Kuningan day comes every 10 days after Galungan day, and it is usually on Saturday.

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